Pokemon, a classic turn-based RPG series, has always been grounded in a base system of checks and balances: the "type" (or "Element") of each Pokemon has a concrete set of strengths and weaknesses. Some of these traits are inherently obvious; Fire melts Ice. Some, however, are somewhat less so; Ground-type Pokemon are particularly strong against Poison-types. Once you add several strategic factors in to the mix-- critical hits, attack accuracy, passive stats and abilities, Pokemon with multiple typings, Pokemon learning attack types outside of their respective typing, and so on-- you are left with a surprisingly deep and interesting core mechanic. The basic concepts here are simple enough for a child to grasp... after all, Pokemon at its core is a simple game of Rock-Paper-Scissors. However, the layers of strategy available to players has given Pokemon a serious competitive following (see premiere competitive Pokemon site, Smogon).
For more information on Pokemon types, visit Bulbapedia's Type Chart, pictured above. You can also find a more comprehensive write-up on Pokemon typing at the Pokemon Wikia, and a Hybrid Type Chart from Pokemon news site Serebii.net.
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